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Edinburgh is the capital and second largest city (after Glasgow) of Scotland, in the UK. Edinburgh has in fact been the Scottish capital since 1437, and seat of the revived Scottish Parliament since it first met in 1999. As of the 2001 census, Edinburgh had a population of 448,624.
Perhaps the best known building in Edinburgh is Edinburgh Castle which overlooks the city from Castle Rock. There is archaeological evidence of human habitation on the site since at least the 9th century BCE, but most of the castle buildings actually date to the 16th century - the exception is St. Margaret's Chapel which was built in the early 12th century, and is in fact the oldest building in the whole of Edinburgh.
Other noteworthy sites in Edinburgh include the highly distinctive Nelson's Monument (on Calton Hill), and Arthur's Seat, the latter being an unusual geological formation created from an ancient extinct volcano eroded by glaciers during the ice ages.
Edinburgh is home to many festivals and events, especially during the Summer months. Many people have heard of the Edinburgh Fringe (the world's largest arts festival), the Edinburgh Festival (arts and culture) and Edinburgh International Festival (performing arts). There are also several other excellent but slightly lower profile festivals: the Edinburgh Art Festival, the Edinburgh International Film Festival, the Edinburgh Jazz and Blues Festival, the Edinburgh International Book Festival, and the Edinburgh International Science Festival. Additionally, the Edinburgh Military Tattoo, a show involving military bands, pipers, and fireworks takes place nightly for around 3 weeks at the Castle Esplanade during the summer (buy tickets in advance if you want to attend, all tickets sell out quickly in advance of the tattoo).
Key Facts about Edinburgh
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